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Course Descriptions

NOTE: All 4-credit courses require a laboratory. A minimum grade of C- is required in any course that serves as a prerequisite for a higher-numbered course.
 
BIO 110 Introduction to Environmental Science
An introduction to the study of the Earth’s natural systems and the forces that can affect them. Students will explore the Earth’s natural environments, the interactions of organisms with each other as well as their physical surroundings, and the sources and effects of stress on natural environments. Topics include nutrient cycling; the hydrologic cycle; trophic structures and interactions; human populations; soil, water, and air pollution; and the relationship of science to policy making. Liberal Arts Core/University Requirements Designation: NS. (4)

BIO 111 Human Genetics for Nonmajors
This course is for nonscience majors, and introduces the principles of genetics as applied to humans. Recent advances in areas such as using DNA evidence, gene therapy, amniocentesis, in vitro fertilization, and learning and psychiatric disabilities are considered. Social, cultural, and ethical implications are reviewed. Laboratory will include experiences with DNA, karyotyping, pedigree analysis, etc. Liberal Arts Core/University Requirements Designation: NS. (4)

BIO 120 Introduction to the Biological World
Introduces nonmajors to the biological world around them. Energy production, storage, and conversion are explored. A survey of life leads from single-celled organ-isms to chordates. The basic functioning of the systems of the human body are examined. Liberal Arts Core/University Requirements Designation: NS. (4)

BIO 127 Introduction to Marine Biology and Tropical Ecology
The marine biology and tropical ecology of Belize are experienced firsthand in this study abroad course. Students will have unique opportunities to study and experience tropical jungles, coral reefs, savannas, limestone caves, mangroves, lagoons, and estuaries. Students will also have an opportunity to explore the habitats of manatees, spider monkeys, hawksbill sea turtles, and saltwater crocodiles. They will experience all of this while immersed in a different culture. This course satisfies the Liberal Arts Core requirement for a Natural Science with laboratory. Liberal Arts Core/University Requirements Designation: GP, NS. (6)

BIO 151 General Biology I
A course for the Biology major and a prerequisite for all subsequent courses for the major. This course is also required for certain other majors. The course addresses the chemical and physiological aspects common to organisms, such as cell structure, metabolism, and biosynthesis of molecules. Basic principles of molecular biology will be introduced. Students may enroll in this course only if it is a specific requirement for their major. Liberal Arts Core/University Requirements Designation: INQ, NS. (4)

BIO 152 General Biology II
A continuation of the study begun in BIO 151. Topics focus on animal systems and address the diverse organ complexity and physiological functions. The course also extends the introduction of the rapidly evolving knowledge of molecular biology, gene structure, and regulation of expression. The Kingdoms will be introduced. Kingdom Animalia will be discussed in greater depth. Students will also be introduced to ecology. Students may enroll in this course only if it is a specific requirement for their major. Prerequisite: BIO 151 or equivalent. Liberal Arts Core/University Requirements Designation: NS. (4)

BIO 161-162 Anatomy and Physiology I and II
A two-semester study of the structure and function of the human body with emphasis upon the interdependencies at the microscopic and cellular levels. Laboratory work includes dissection experiments related to physiological processes, microscopic observation of cell types, bio-chemical tests, and some diagnostic laboratory procedures. Liberal Arts Core/University Requirements Designation: NS. (4)

BIO 212 Biology of Aging
Introduces the student to the aging process at the cellular and subcellular levels. Surveys processes from single-cell organisms to the human organism. Prerequisite: one semester of Biology. (3)

BIO 224 Endocrinology
Focuses on the study of human hormones, their chemical classification, receptors, and intracellular mechanisms. Interactions of hormone actions will be stressed as the course progresses. Consequences of hypo- and hyper-hormone conditions will be discussed. Prerequisites: BIO 152 and CHM 152. (3)

BIO 250 General Botany
An in-depth survey of the Plant Kingdom, including nonvascular as well as vascular plants. Some members of the Kingdoms Fungi and Protista will also be covered. Topics covered will include photosynthesis, life cycles, growth and propagation, plant and hormone effects, classification and identification, and herbarium techniques. Prerequisite: BIO 151 or equivalent. (4)

BIO 260 Microbiology
An analysis of the general principles of microbiology. The course includes the study of microbial growth and the relation of bacteria and viruses to infection, disease, and immunity. The role of pathogenic microbes and parasitic agents in the cause of disease is studied along with the role of various combative chemicals. Prerequisite: BIO 152 or BIO 162. (4)

BIO 262 Genetics for Majors
This course is for majors, and is a study of the basic principles of inheritance from the classical studies of Mendel to current developments in molecular genetics. Students study the applications of genetic technologies to microorganisms, plants, and animals. The potential benefits of engineering and related ethical issues are dis-cussed. Prerequisite: BIO 260. Liberal Arts Core/University Requirements Designation: NS. (4)

BIO 272 Parasitology
The study of the biochemistry, physiology, nutrition, immunology, life cycles, epidemiology, control, and chemotherapy of parasitic protozoans, helminths, and arthropod vectors. Emphasis is on parasites of man. Prerequisites: BIO 152 and CHM 152. (4)

BIO 300 Writing for Science
A discipline-specific approach to writing for Biology majors, this course will acquaint the student with the range of writing styles in science. Students will apply their knowledge in the sciences to both the critique and writing of research abstracts, literature summaries, and pieces to be read by the nonscientific audience. Prerequisite: EN 102. Liberal Arts Core/University Requirements Designation: INQ, WI. (3)

BIO 312 Physiological Ecology
Explores the way living organisms adjust to the adversities of their environment. Understanding how organisms obtain information about the environment through their senses. Students will learn to use the principles of physiology to predict, as well as model, the behavior of animals. Students will be able to discuss the interplay of many physiological variables on the overall function of the body. Prerequisite: BIO 152 or equivalent. (3)

BIO 327 Introduction to Marine Biology and Tropical Ecology
The marine biology and tropical ecology of Belize are experienced firsthand in this study abroad course. Stu-dents will have unique opportunities to study and experience tropical jungles, coral reefs, savannas, limestone caves, mangroves, lagoons, and estuaries. Students will also have an opportunity to explore the habitats of manatees, spider monkeys, hawksbill sea turtles, and saltwater crocodiles. They will experience all of this while immersed in a different culture. Liberal Arts Core/University Requirements Designation: GP, NS. (6)

BIO 363 Cellular Biology
Examination of prokaryotic and eukaryotic cell structure and function. Emphasis on metabolism, regulation of cellular events, and basic genetic processes. The course provides an introduction to control of gene expression. Prerequisites: BIO 262 and CHM 152. (3)

BIO 368 Advanced Research Methods
This is a laboratory-intensive course that will provide the student a working knowledge of current laboratory techniques common to many scientific disciplines including cell biology, immunology, and virology. Students will learn to use standard and state-of-the-art laboratory equipment. The course also will explore the application of each technique to different scientific questions. Prerequisite or corequisite: BIO 363. Liberal Arts Core/University Requirements Designation: WI. (3)

BIO 385 Approaches to Teaching Secondary Biology
Prepares the student to teach Biology at the secondary level by integrating content mastery with effective pedagogical strategies. A field experience (20 hours) is required. Prerequisites: ED 250, ED 327S, and PSY 312. (3)

BIO 400 Internship
Senior students may register for an internship with a cooperating employer in the Washington metropolitan area. The internship is monitored by a supervising professor and a representative of the employing firm. Prerequisite: senior status. Liberal Arts Core/University Requirements Designation: EXP. (3-6)

BIO 410 Seminar
Provides an opportunity for an in-depth study of a topic of current interest selected annually. Discussion and research of the literature is encouraged as a means for examining both scientific aspects of the topic and the relationship of science to societal, legislative, and economic issues. Prerequisite: senior status or permission of instructor. Liberal Arts Core/University Requirements Designation: INQ. (2)

BIO 421 Project
Investigation of a selected topic in Biology in collaboration with or under the direction of a faculty advisor. The project is intended to demonstrate the ability to conduct and report independent research. Prerequisite: approval of department chair. (1-3)

BIO 433 Research
A student in this course will conduct collaborative re-search (scholarly work leading to new knowledge) under the direction of a faculty member. Prerequisite: applica-tion and approval of department chair. Liberal Arts Core/University Requirements Designation: EXP. (1-6)

BIO 441 Biochemistry
A study of the structures and functions of biomolecules and an introduction to bioenergetics and kinetics as applied to those systems. An introduction to modern bio-chemical experimental methods of studying chemical and physical properties of biological molecules will be included. Topics covered will include protein isolation and purification, enzyme kinetics, computational chemistry of biomolecules, and characterization and isolation of nucleic acids. Independent laboratory skills, literature analysis, and proper reporting and interpretation of data will be emphasized. Prerequisites: BIO 363 and CHM 222 or equivalents. (4)

BIO 442 Nucleic Acids: Structure, Function, and Metabolism
A continuation of the study that began in BIO 441 with an emphasis on the structure, function, and metabolism of nucleic acids. Topics covered include gene expression and regulation, DNA replication and repair, RNA transcription and processing, and protein synthesis and degradation. Prerequisite: BIO 441. (3)

BIO 443 Biochemistry of Metabolism
This course will include a survey of metabolism, focusing on the study of the central pathway of carbohydrate, lipid, and nucleotide metabolism. Emphasis will be placed on bioenergetics, limiting reactions, and the regulation and integration of the metabolic pathways. Prerequisite: BIO 442. (3)

BIO 444 Immunology
Explores the immune response through investigation of relevant organ systems, cell types, and regulatory interactions. An introduction to aberrant immune responses is also provided. Prerequisite: BIO 363. (3)

BIO 446 Animal Virology
Examines the principles of animal virus structure and replication with an emphasis on viruses that pose a significant health risk to humans. Mechanisms of disease production are explored. Prerequisite: BIO 363. (3)

BIO 449 Advanced Molecular Biology
The majority of this class is spent in the laboratory since it emphasizes hands-on exploration of the techniques currently employed in research, forensic, and diagnostic laboratories. Prerequisite: BIO 363. (4)

CHM 125 Life Chemistry
An introduction to the fundamental principles and theories of chemistry. It includes the study of atomic structure and bonding, kinetic molecular theory, nomenclature, periodic classification of elements, chemical equilibrium, and oxidation-reduction reactions. The course stresses the structure of organic molecules and functional groups and their characteristic reactions. Basic metabolic reactions of the cell are studied including enzyme inhibition, kinetics, and feedback mechanisms. Laboratory work includes quantitative and qualitative analysis and reactions of functional groups and enzymes. This course does not meet chemistry requirements for Health Sciences (Pre-Physical Therapy emphasis) majors. This course should also not be taken by Psychology majors with an interest in health-related fields. Liberal Arts Core/University Requirements Designation: NS. (4)

CHM 151 Principles of Chemistry I
This course is part of the chemistry sequence for Biology majors. The course covers inorganic nomenclature, oxidation-reduction reactions, elementary thermodynamics, atomic and molecular structure, Lewis dot structures, the shapes of molecules, and ideal gases. The laboratory also covers introductory visible spectroscopy. Prerequisite: placement into MA 171 or higher. Liberal Arts Core/University Requirements Designation: NS. (4)

CHM 152 Principles of Chemistry II
This course is part of the chemistry sequence for Biology majors. The course covers intermolecular interactions, structure of crystals, properties of solution, kinetics, equilibrium, acid-base chemistry, precipitation equilibrium, thermodynamics, and electrochemistry. Prerequisite: CHM 151. (4)

CHM 221 Organic Chemistry I
This course is part of the chemistry sequence for Biology majors. It covers the nomenclature, structure, reactions, and synthesis of organic compounds. The course is mainly devoted to aliphatic and cycloaliphatic compounds, and covers infrared and nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy. The laboratory emphasizes the techniques of distillations, recrystallization, extraction, and spectroscopic identification. Prerequisite: CHM 152. (4)

CHM 222 Organic Chemistry II
This course is part of the chemistry sequence for Biology majors. A continuation of CHM 221, this course covers the chemistry of carbonyl-containing compounds, aromatics, polyenes, amines, and carbohydrates. Also covered are UV-visible and mass spectroscopy. An emphasis is placed on organic synthesis and mechanisms. The laboratory applies techniques learned in CHM 221 to synthesize a variety of organic compounds. Prerequisite: CHM 221. (4)

CHM 421 Project
An investigation of a selected topic in physical science in collaboration with or under the direction of a faculty advisor. The project is intended to demonstrate the ability to conduct and report independent research. Prerequisite: approval of the department chair. (1-3)

CHM 433 Research
A student in this course will conduct collaborative research (scholarly work leading to new knowledge) under the direction of a faculty member. Prerequisite: application and approval of department chair. (1-6)

PHYS 171 General Physics I
Introductory physics for science and mathematics majors. This course covers the classical Newtonian mechanics of linear and circular motion and conservation laws of gravitation, work, and energy. An understanding of physics is developed through problem solving and laboratory work. Prerequisite: MA 171 or higher. Liberal Arts Core/University Requirements Designation: NS. (4)

PHYS 172 General Physics II
This second course in physics extends the application of force and energy laws to collective systems. Topics include electrostatics, electronics, optics, mechanics, the thermal properties of matter, kinetic theory, and atomic structure. Prerequisite: PHYS 171 or equivalent. (4)

MA 171 Calculus with Precalculus A
This is the first part of a year-long sequence that integrates the study of Precalculus with the study of Calculus I. This first semester includes a review of functions, including polynomial and rational functions, limits, differentiation of algebraic functions, and applications of differentiation. Graphing calculators are used to explore properties of functions and to facilitate computations. Prerequisite: complete University’s Directed Self-Placement process, or grade of C or better in MA 095. Liberal Arts Core/University Requirements Designation: MT. (4)

MA 172 Calculus with Precalculus B
This is the second part of a year-long sequence that integrates the study of Precalculus with the study of Calculus I. This second semester begins with an introduction to integration and continues to apply the study of differentiation and integration to exponential, logarithmic, and trigonometric functions. Graphing calculators are used to explore properties of functions and to facilitate computations. Completion of this course is equivalent to completion of MA 181. Prerequisite: grade of C or better in MA 171. (4)

MA 181 Calculus I
Emphasizes separate visual, analytical, and numerical approaches to the fundamental ideas of elementary differential and integral calculus. Topics include differentiation and applications of the derivative, as well as integration and anti-differentiation. Graphing calculators are used to explore properties of functions and to facilitate computations. Prerequisite: complete University’s Directed Self-Placement process. Liberal Arts Core/University Requirements Designation: MT. (4)

MA 218 Probability and Statistics
Introduction to probability theory and statistical inference with a focus on applications in life sciences. Includes probability laws, probability distributions, sampling methods, experimental design, descriptive statistics, confidence intervals, hypothesis testing, types of error, correlation and regression, and analysis of variance. Computer software for statistical computing is used to apply the concepts covered to realistic data sets from the biological and/or social sciences. Offered spring semester only. Prerequisite: a grade of C or better in MA 172 or MA 181. (3)